.comment-link {margin-left:.6em;}

Fruit Blog Header.jpg

My cherimoya, shortly before it became smoothie fodder.

Archive of past images



Recent Cultivar Releases

Current Work in Pomology



Atom Feed

Powered by Blogger

Add to Technorati Favorites

January 4, 2009

'Ohio Everbearing' black raspberry

When I first heard about the 'Explorer' primocane-fruiting black raspberry, I was convinced it was the first such variety. As it turned out, I was wrong, as numerous such cultivars existed by the turn of the century, although very few ever achieved any importance.

An exception to this, however, is the very first primocane-fruiting black raspberry, 'Ohio Everbearing'. Although not a major commercial success, this variety remains significant as one of the very first cultivated American selections of Rubus, and probably the first named black cap (given the abundance of wild black raspberries, it probably took an unusual trait such as fall-fruiting to warrant a name and cultivation).

'Ohio Everbearing' was discovered in the wild by Nicholas Longworth. Longworth was a self-made millionaire banker from Cincinnati, which in 1804 when he moved there was almost the western frontier. Although his family remained important in local and U.S. politics, and he left an estate worth $10 million when he died in 1863, Longworth's most lasting legacy is as a horticulturist. Often called "The Father of American Viticulture" (a title sometimes applied to his correspondent, John Adlum), Longworth was an avid collector and disseminator of fruit varieties. He championed first the 'Alexander' and then the 'Catawba' grapes and introduced at least one strawberry of his own creation.

Everbearing Black Caps listed in Fred Card's
Bush Fruits (1920)

American Everbearing
Cottier Everbearing
[Grigg's] Daily Bearing
Every Day
General Negley
Hixon's Everbearer
Kagy Everbearing
King of Cliff's
Lum's Autumn Black Raspberry
Lum's Yellow Canada
Miller's Daily Bearing
Munson's Everbearing
Ransom's Everbearing
Sweet Home
Longworth found the original 'Ohio Everbearing' somewhere in central Ohio, where he had retreated in the fall of 1832 to escape cholera outbreaks in Cincinnati. Despite it being September or October, he "found a raspberry in full bearing, a native of our state, the only everbearing raspberry I have ever met with. I introduced it the same winter into my garden, and it is now cultivated by me in preference to all others, and my table is supplied from the beginning of June to frost." Although the variety struggled somewhat on the gravelly soils of his fields, it performed better on clay soils, and Longworth was convinced it might have a future, especially in England. He sent plants there, as did A.J. Downing, though it seems have had little impact there. The legendary Dr. Hogg did note its existence in England as late as 1884, when it was probably gone in the U.S. (Incidentally, in my hypothetical strawberry-themed band, my stage name was going to be "Dr. Hogg").

Longworth was among the foremost horticultural authorities of his day, and an everbearing variety of raspberry would seem to be a major development, so it seems like it should have caught on, but while he and a few others cultivated it commercially, it never seems to have. Black caps, in general, have never attained commercial prominence, perhaps because they were foreign to European tastes, and thus unable to compete with the more familiar red raspberries. Many other everbearers, such as 'Grigg's Daily Bearing', 'Miller's Daily Bearing', and 'Lum's Autumn Black' were selected from its seedlings. (Indeed, I rather suspect most, if not all, of those everbearing black raspberries that appeared in the second half of the nineteenth century may claim it as an ancestor. Most of these seem to originate in Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, or Illinois, the areas nearest the discovery and commercialization of Longworth's variety).

Labels: , , ,


At 2/19/2010 07:31:00 AM, Blogger teacupsandpoodles said...

I love black raspberries and would love to purchase an everbearing black raspberry plant. I did not know that there was one and was going to plant some everbearing goldens next to some wild black raspberry plants in hopes of cultivating my own. Thanks for sharing this information. Very interesting!

At 6/09/2015 03:14:00 AM, Blogger One J said...

christian louboutin sale
oakley sunglasses wholesale
hollister clothing
coach factory
michael kors outlet
ray ban sunglasses
louis vuitton
louis vuitton
gucci outlet
michael kors bag
louis vuitton outlet
christian louboutin shoes
gucci handbags
michael kors
michael kors outlet
true religion
pandora charms
coach factory outlet
kids lebron james shoes
christian louboutin outlet
michael kors watches
louis vuitton handbags
coach factory outlet

At 7/15/2015 03:54:00 PM, Blogger Addicted Bollywood said...

Brothers Movie Starrer Akshay kumar Total collections

At 3/11/2016 06:19:00 AM, Blogger Somnath Brahma said...

Want to know your board exam results,CBSE results,PSEB results click Board Exam Result 2016

At 5/26/2016 05:50:00 AM, Blogger Xiaozhengm 520 said...

coach outlet store online
true religion sale
air jordan femme
beats solo
louis vuitton handbags
coach factory outlet
kevin durant shoes 7
coach outlet store online
vans sneakers
cheap ray ban sunglasses
air jordans
air jordan homme
nike blazers uk
gucci outlet
coach outlet store online clearances
mont blanc pens
adidas shoes
basketball shoes
concords 11
juicy couture
burberry handbags
michael kors outlet clearance
coach outlet store online
michael kors outlet clearance
adidas outlet store
cheap toms
oakley sunglasses
ray ban sunglasses outlet
adidas superstars
michael kors handbags
oakley sunglasses wholesale
michael kors purses
michael kors outlet online
nike air max 90
louis vuitton handbags
abercrombie & fitch new york
christian louboutin
nike uk
coach factory outlet online

At 6/20/2016 05:02:00 AM, Blogger Somnath Roy said...

Want to watch Euro Cup matches live,just check out Italy Vs Republic Of Ireland Live Streaming and enjoy with your family. 16/6 and 17/6

At 7/26/2016 01:04:00 AM, Blogger xjd7410@gmail.com said...

polo outlet
the north face outlet
nike trainers uk
louis vuitton outlet
michael kors outlet online
burberry bags
louis vuitton outlet online
adidas nmd
toms wedges
michael kors outlet
celine bags
michael kors outlet online sale
coach outlet
michael kors outlet
louis vuitton outlet
louboutin shoes
ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet store online clearances
michael kors ukt
louis vuitton handbags
nike uk
nike sb janoski
replica watches
adidas running shoes
gucci outlet
lebron 12
christian louboutin outlet
cheap toms
ralph lauren polo

At 8/22/2016 04:26:00 AM, Blogger 艾丰 said...

louis vuitton handbags
nike trainers
ugg outlet
fitflops sale
cheap mlb jerseys
hollister canada
coach outlet
coach outlet
cheap nba jerseys
michael kors outlet
chicago blackhawks
ugg outlet
christian louboutin outlet
juicy couture tracksuit
ugg boots
oakley sunglasses
hermes birkin
longchamp pliage
cheap ugg boots
herve leger dresses
ugg boots
nike blazer pas cher
true religion jeans
michael kors outlet online
herve leger outlet
basketball shoes
nike roshe run shoes
michael kors outlet online
giuseppe zanotti shoes
coach outlet store
michael kors outlet clearance
ralph lauren polo shirts
supra shoes sale

At 8/26/2016 03:19:00 AM, Blogger Rohit Roy said...

Have you heard about National Black Cat Day which is two days prior to National Cat Day.
Check out my blog to get all the latest information about it and stay updated

At 10/20/2016 01:18:00 AM, Blogger gopal das said...

Have a look about Cat Day 2016, to get further information you must visit my blog Cat Day 2016 and stay updated with all information.

At 10/29/2016 12:39:00 AM, Anonymous Rajesh Das said...

To wish your beloved on the occasion of Happy New Year 2017, go through my blog Happy New Year 2017

At 3/22/2017 09:40:00 AM, Blogger roba. gad3 said...


At 7/22/2017 04:15:00 AM, Blogger raybanoutlet001 said...

oakley sunglasses
ugg boots
cheap ray ban sunglasses
nike tn
nike air max 90
michael kors outlet
ugg boots
ray ban sunglasses outlet
nike huarache
mbt shoes outlet

At 8/15/2017 04:45:00 AM, Blogger nora nor said...

Your website is extremely helpful. Thanks for sharing

At 1/03/2018 01:26:00 AM, Blogger chenlina said...

tory burch uk
nike football boots
michael kors outlet online
flip flops
coach factory
moncler outlet
ugg boots
coach outlet
coach factory outlet

At 1/28/2018 04:53:00 PM, Blogger rehabgad1 said...

Good write-up. I definitely love this site. Keep it up



Post a Comment

Links to this post:

Create a Link

<< Home